21 thuật ngữ Hoc vien 01

Endocrine System: Hormones

Gland: Parathyroid
Action: Raises blood calcium
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)
Gland: Thymus
Action: Programs T lymphocytes
Thymosin
Gland: Adrenal medulla
Actions Raises blood glucose level, increases metabolism; constricts vessels
Epinephrine and Norepinephrine
Gland: Adrenal cortex
Action Increase blood glucose
Glucocorticoids
Gland Adrenal Cortex
Action: Promotes reabsorption of Na+ and excretion of K+ in kidneys
Mineralocorticoids
Gland: Pancreas
Action: Reduces blood glucose
Insulin
Gland: Pancreas
Action: Raises blood glucose
Glucagon
Gland: Testes
Action: Support sperm formation; maintain male secondary sex characteristics
Androgens
Gland: Ovaries
Action: Stimulates uterine lining growth; maintains female secondary sex characteristics
Estrogen
Gland: Ovaries
Action: Promotes growth of uterine lining
Progesterone
Gland: Pineal Gland
Action: Involved in biological rhythms (sleep cycle)
Melatonin
Gland: Posterior Pituitary gland
Action: Stimulates contraction of uterus and the milk reflex.
Oxytocin
Gland: Posterior Pituitary Gland
Action: Promotes water retention by kidneys
Antidiuretic
Gland: Anterior Pituitary Gland
Action: Stimulates growth and metabolism
Growth Hormone
Gland: Anterior Pituitary Gland
Action: Stimulates milk production
Prolactin
Gland: Anterior Pituitary Gland
Action: Stimulates production of ova and sperm
Follicle- stimulating hormone (FSH)
Gland: Anterior Pituitary Gland
Action: Stimulates ovaries and testes
Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
Gland: Anterior Pituitary Gland
Action: Stimulates thyroid gland
Thyriod-stimulating hormone (TSH)
Gland: Anterior Pituitary Gland
Action: Stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete glucocorticoids
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Gland: Thyroid gland
Action: Stimulates metabolism
Thyroxine (T4) and Triiodothyronine (T3)
Gland: Thyroid gland
Action: Reduces blood calcium level
Calcitonin
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Thuật ngữ trong học phần này (21)

Thuật ngữ

Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)

Định nghĩa

Gland: Parathyroid
Action: Raises blood calcium

Thuật ngữ

Thymosin

Định nghĩa

Gland: Thymus
Action: Programs T lymphocytes

Thuật ngữ

Epinephrine and Norepinephrine

Định nghĩa

Gland: Adrenal medulla
Actions Raises blood glucose level, increases metabolism; constricts vessels

Thuật ngữ

Glucocorticoids

Định nghĩa

Gland: Adrenal cortex
Action Increase blood glucose

Thuật ngữ

Mineralocorticoids

Định nghĩa

Gland Adrenal Cortex
Action: Promotes reabsorption of Na+ and excretion of K+ in kidneys

Thuật ngữ

Insulin

Định nghĩa

Gland: Pancreas
Action: Reduces blood glucose

Thuật ngữ

Glucagon

Định nghĩa

Gland: Pancreas
Action: Raises blood glucose

Thuật ngữ

Androgens

Định nghĩa

Gland: Testes
Action: Support sperm formation; maintain male secondary sex characteristics

Thuật ngữ

Estrogen

Định nghĩa

Gland: Ovaries
Action: Stimulates uterine lining growth; maintains female secondary sex characteristics

Thuật ngữ

Progesterone

Định nghĩa

Gland: Ovaries
Action: Promotes growth of uterine lining

Thuật ngữ

Melatonin

Định nghĩa

Gland: Pineal Gland
Action: Involved in biological rhythms (sleep cycle)

Thuật ngữ

Oxytocin

Định nghĩa

Gland: Posterior Pituitary gland
Action: Stimulates contraction of uterus and the milk reflex.

Thuật ngữ

Antidiuretic

Định nghĩa

Gland: Posterior Pituitary Gland
Action: Promotes water retention by kidneys

Thuật ngữ

Growth Hormone

Định nghĩa

Gland: Anterior Pituitary Gland
Action: Stimulates growth and metabolism

Thuật ngữ

Prolactin

Định nghĩa

Gland: Anterior Pituitary Gland
Action: Stimulates milk production

Thuật ngữ

Follicle- stimulating hormone (FSH)

Định nghĩa

Gland: Anterior Pituitary Gland
Action: Stimulates production of ova and sperm

Thuật ngữ

Luteinizing Hormone (LH)

Định nghĩa

Gland: Anterior Pituitary Gland
Action: Stimulates ovaries and testes

Thuật ngữ

Thyriod-stimulating hormone (TSH)

Định nghĩa

Gland: Anterior Pituitary Gland
Action: Stimulates thyroid gland

Thuật ngữ

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)

Định nghĩa

Gland: Anterior Pituitary Gland
Action: Stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete glucocorticoids

Thuật ngữ

Thyroxine (T4) and Triiodothyronine (T3)

Định nghĩa

Gland: Thyroid gland
Action: Stimulates metabolism

Thuật ngữ

Calcitonin

Định nghĩa

Gland: Thyroid gland
Action: Reduces blood calcium level